- Glass Specifications
- Ecological Advantages
- History of Glass
- Glass as a modern building material
- Typology and types of glass
- Leading trends in the Glass industry
- It is not flammable
- Has homogeneous and smooth surfaces, easy to clean
- Very resistant to chemical influences
- Persistent in most acids and alkalis, does not dissolve in water and does not corrode at the same time
- The glass does not absorb or release moisture nor does it bend or dry out
- When it gets a certain shape it does not change
- As said Glass is a modern building material
- 1m² of Glass thickness of 1mm weights 2.5kg
Glass is a completely transparent material. Glass is a highly valuable and noble packaging material that simultaneously preserves and protects the packaged contents. It is impermeable, so the aroma and taste of the substance cannot enter or leave the glass. Foods packed in glass remain absolutely unchanged, natural and fresh.
Glass is a precious raw material that can be 100% recycled. Under the term recycling we mean organized collection of items from the same material that no longer have use value, their reprocessing into new products and reuse. Old glass can be remelted countless times without losing quality. It is used as a valuable raw material for the production of new glass packaging. From one ton of waste glass, with the addition of energy, one ton of new jars will be obtained. This saves 700kg of sand, 200kg of CaCO3 and 200kg of soda. Recycling glass reduces air pollution by 20% and water pollution by 50%.
Natural glass has been known since ancient times. It is formed in volcanic activities, and another form of natural glass is formed by lightning strikes in silicon sand. The arrowheads and knives of prehistoric people were made of volcanic glass and found in various places around the globe. The homeland of artificial glass is considered to be Egypt, where archeological excavations have found glass objects, the remains of workshops with molds and parts of a furnace for melting glass. Glass was used to make jewelry (necklaces), which were used for trade. Phoenicians, Assyrians and Palestinians had developed glass production. Later, Rome became the center of glass production (until the 5th century), from where this skill spread throughout the Roman provinces. Decorative items and jewelry, dishes for cosmetics are made of glass, and in the household, glass has replaced dishes made of ceramics and metal. With the fall of the Roman Empire (476), Byzantium became the center of glass production, and Syria in the 12th century. With the fall of Syria under Turkish rule in the 14th century, Europe, especially France and England, took over the leading role in glass production, and from the 15th to the 17th century Venice, which produced glass of high artistic value – decorative glass, stained and painted glass for windows, glass for mirrors and chandeliers, etc. The modern history of glass begins in 1851 when the English architect Joseph Paxton, for the World’s Fair in London, designed a glass pavilion called “Criytal Palace”. This building encouraged architects to start using glass as a building material. The glassmaking revolution was started in 1952 by Sir Alastair Pilkington, who invented the float process for the production of glass. Automated production of floating glass according to the float process began in 1958 and is today the standard method for the production of glass. Liquid glass glides – floats on the surface (float – floats) of molten metal in a chamber with a controlled atmosphere. The mass is gradually cooled and glass is formed with ideally flat and parallel surfaces, of uniform thickness. This procedure enabled the production of glass plates in various colors and in different thicknesses and dimensions. Over 90% of the world’s glass production is float glass. Our everyday life and life without glass today would be unthinkable.
By inevitable development, humanity influences the change of the environment. As in other activities as well as in construction, it is necessary to satisfy human needs without disturbing the environment. By selecting the optimal type of glass used to close the facade openings, the following is achieved:
- Heat loss control
- Control of heat energy passage
- UV passage control
- Light transmission control
- Sound isolation
- Injury protection
TYPOLOGY OF GLASS
Typology of glass implies the way in which glass is prepared before installation.
Today, it is unfairly used for ordinary glass, which is of lower quality because it was obtained by the extraction method. It was named after the Float procedure and nowadays it is most often used in construction and for obtaining almost all glass products. It is available in thicknesses of 2,3,4,5,6,8,10,12,15,19 and 25 mm (19MM,25MM only by special order)..
- Easy Maintenance
- Thermal energy savings
- Prevents moisture condensation
- Improves sound and heat insulation
- Shelf life of Iso Glass is up to 30 Years
- Interspace (air or gas)
- Molecular – moisture absorber
- Tiocol, hot-melt, silicon
- Saving on heating, reduces the cost of living
- Reduction of pollution emissions, nature disturbances and climate balance
- Increase the comfort of the space
- We are left with financial resources for other needs and an increase in living standards
Note: How do you know if low-e glass is installed and how it is installed?
With ordinary insulated glass, if you light a lighter, the flame in the reflection on the glass will be yellow or yellowish, and with low-e glass, the flame will be purple-blue ! It is important to note that when assembling the glass, the glass usually comes from the outside, and LOW-E glass comes from the inside !